How to Start a Public Invention and Humanitarian Engineering Club at your University

Humanitarian Engineering

Humanitarian engineering was first offered as a minor by the Colorado School of Mines in 2003. Organizations like Engineers Without Borders (EWB-USA) have made it a nationwide activity with over 300 chapters (see map below, or click here). The blue dots are EWB chapters, many of which are student chapters associated with Universities, and the red dots are community projects within the USA. EWB-USA focuses heavily on civil engineering (e.g. clean drinking water projects) in low and middle income countries. The COVID-19 pandemic, however, has made both the need for and abilities of humanitarian engineering clearer. Helpful is one of several volunteer organizations created in response to COVID-19 dedicated to humanitarian engineering. Humanitarian engineering has leveraged advances in digital manufacturing and open source sharing of designs to aid the world by creating personal protective equipment (PPE) and even sophisticated medical devices like ventilators. There is a need for humanitarian engineers in every kind of engineering discipline.

EWB-USA Chapters across America

Public Invention Grows out of FOSS

Public Invention is an American idea as old as Benjamin Franklin, but it may now be considered an evolution of the free and open source software (FOSS) movement. It is currently being championed by a public charity, also called Public Invention. Public Invention is the act of trying to invent things that are good for all humanity, and sharing those things without attempting to monopolize them via patents or other legal monopolies, sometimes called “intellectual property”. Generally, public inventions are released with free and open source licenses regardless of if they are software (e.g. an app to help farmers optimize harvest time) or hardware (e.g. a solar powered food processing system). These licenses empower anyone to freely use, copy, study, and change the software in any way, and the source code is openly shared so that people are encouraged to voluntarily improve the design of the software. Open source hardware is defined by the Open Source Hardware Association as hardware whose design is made publicly available so that anyone can study, modify, distribute, make, and sell the design or hardware based on that design. The hardware’s source, the design from which it is made, is available in the preferred format to modify in the future. Open source gives people the freedom to control their technology while sharing knowledge and encouraging commerce through the open exchange of designs. Sharing designs on the internet allows your inventions to scale laterally — millions may end up using your ideas and build upon them to improve their lives. Public Invention includes science, math, and even art that would not normally be considered engineering.

Starting a PIHE Club

Public Invention and Humanitarian Engineering are both movements that seek to use human ingenuity to help society and the planet. There are always highly motivated students interested not only in learning and increasing their earning power, but also by a desire to help their fellow beings and move society towards a sustainable state. These students deserve a place to congregate, socialize, learn and teach together. The project-based nature of Public Invention and Humanitarian Engineering movements are a great way for students to be mentored and gain practical experience to augment their studies. We think every University should have a Public Invention and Humanitarian Engineering club.

What a PIHE Club Should Do

Whenever two or three people are gathered together, a spirit arises which is greater than the individuals. A PIHE club doesn’t have to do anything beyond talk about the ideas of Public Invention and Humanitarian Engineering. But a PIHE club could also:

  • Invite speakers to talk specifically about PIHE concepts, practices, and projects. Public Invention will be happy to come speak at your club!
  • Take on real projects that can really make a difference. The organization Public Invention has published a growing curated list of such projects analyzed for difficulty, joinability, and skills that you can use as a starting point.
Screenshot of our Spreadsheet of Public Invention Projects
  • Interact with a local Engineers Without Borders professional or student chapter, or consider starting one!
  • If not ready to do a real research project, take on a learning project to improve your PIHE skills, such as building an open-source device useful for humanitarian purposes.
  • Brainstorm new public invention ideas, and contribute those ideas back to the public invention list of ideas.
  • Invite discussion of the philosophical, religious and ethical aspects of PIHE.
  • Seek out ways engineering and technology can help in your local community, such as:
  • Mapping invasive species,
  • Providing sanitation to the homeless,
  • Recycling plastic with recyclebots into 3-D printing filament,
  • Measuring and decreasing the local carbon footprint, etc.

What the Students Should Get Out of a PIHE Club

Although every club may be different, the students of a PIHE club should obtain certain benefits:

  • The joy of sharing a common interest with your fellow students.
  • The satisfaction of helping others, even if that help is abstract and potential, existing in the future rather than today.
  • Learning how technology can positively affect the real world.
  • Understanding the open-source and free culture movements.
  • An introduction to modern project management tools such git, GitHub and GitLab, and Appropedia.

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Robert L. Read

Robert L. Read

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Public Inventor. Founder of Public Invention. Co-founder of @18F. Presidential Innovation Fellow. Agilist. PhD Comp. Sci. Amateur mathematician.